TITAN MEDICAL INC.
STOCK OPTION PLAN
(Amended and Restated effective as of June 9, 2021)
|1.||The Plan and Definitions|
A stock option plan (this “Plan”), pursuant to which options to purchase common shares in the capital of Titan Medical Inc. (the “Corporation”) may be granted to the directors, officers and employees of the Corporation and to Service Providers retained by the Corporation, is hereby established on the terms and conditions set forth herein.
The trading price of the Common Shares may vary from time to time and the advantage conferred by the granting of an Option may not be guaranteed. Accordingly, each person who has been granted an Option must decide, in accordance with his own estimate and financial situation, if it is appropriate to exercise any Option granted under this Plan. The decision to exercise or to not exercise an Option shall not affect in any way the status of the option holder within the Corporation or its subsidiaries.
The following capitalized terms used herein shall have the meanings ascribed thereto as follows:
|(a)||“Affiliate” shall have the meaning ascribed thereto in the Securities Act (Ontario) and regulations and instruments published and adopted pursuant thereunder;|
|(b)||“Black Out Period” means the period during which the Corporation has imposed trading restrictions on its insiders and certain other persons pursuant to its insider trading and disclosure policies;|
|(c)||“Board” means the Board of Directors of the Corporation;|
|(d)||“Code” means the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended;|
|(e)||“control” and “controlled” shall have the meanings ascribed thereto in the Securities Act (Ontario);|
|(f)||“Common Shares” means the common shares in the capital of the Corporation;|
|(g)||“Compensation Plans” means this Plan, the DSU Plan and the SU Plan;|
|(h)||“Disability” means any disability with respect to a Participant which the Board, in its sole and unfettered discretion, considers likely to prevent permanently the Participant from:|
|(i)||being employed or engaged by the Corporation, its subsidiaries or another employer, in a position the same as or similar to that in which he was last employed or engaged by the Corporation or its subsidiaries; or|
|(ii)||acting as a director or officer of the Corporation or its subsidiaries;|
|(i)||“DSU Plan” means the Deferred Share Unit Plan of the Corporation effective as of May 29, 2019;|
|(j)||“Eligible Assignee” means, in respect of a Participant, that person’s spouse, minor children or minor grandchildren, Eligible Retirement Plan, Eligible Corporation or Eligible Family Trust;|
|(k)||“Eligible Corporation” means, in respect of a Participant, a corporation controlled by that person and all the shares of which are held by that person and/or Eligible Assignees of that person;|
|(l)||“Eligible Family Trust” means, in respect of a Participant, a trust of which the Eligible Person is a trustee and of which all beneficiaries are that person and/or Eligible Assignees;|
|(m)||“Eligible Retirement Plan” means, in respect of a Participant in Canada, a registered retirement savings plan or registered retirement income fund established by that person or under which the beneficiary or annuitant is that person, and in respect of a Participant in the United States, a 401(k) plan or individual retirement account established by that person or under which the beneficiary or annuitant is that person;|
|(n)||“Exchange” means the Toronto Stock Exchange and/or such other stock exchange upon which the Common Shares may become listed;|
|(o)||“Incentive Stock Option” means an Option that qualifies an Incentive Stock Option under section 422 of the Code;|
|(p)||“Insider” means a “reporting insider” (as such term is defined in National Instrument 55-104 – Insider Reporting Requirements and Exemptions) and “associates” and “affiliates” thereof (as such terms are defined in the rules of the Exchange or where they are not so defined, as such terms are defined in the Securities Act (Ontario));|
|(q)||“Insider Participation Limit” means the number of Common Shares:|
|(i)||issued to Insiders, within any one year period, and|
|(ii)||issuable to Insiders, at any time,|
under this Plan, and when combined with the SU Plan, DSU Plan and all of the Corporation’s other security based compensation arrangements (if any), do not exceed 15% of the Corporation’s total issued and outstanding common shares;
|(r)||“Nonqualified Stock Option” means an Option that is not an Incentive Stock Option;|
|(s)||“Option Period” shall mean the period during which an Option may be exercised;|
|(t)||“Options” shall mean options to purchase Common Shares granted under this Plan and includes Incentive Stock Options and Nonqualified Stock Options;|
|(u)||“Participant” shall have the meaning ascribed to in Section 6(a);|
|(v)||“Service Providers” shall mean persons engaged by the Corporation or by any Affiliate of the Corporation to provide services (i) where the person is in the United States, on a continuous basis for an initial, renewable or extended period of twelve months or more and, in the United States, shall only include those persons who may participate in an “Employee Benefit Plan” as set forth in Rule 405 of the U.S. Securities Act, or (ii) where the person is outside the United States, the said person meets the definition of a “consultant” as such term is defined in National Instrument 45-106 – Prospectus Exemptions; provided that such persons are natural persons, provide bona fide services to the Corporation and such services are not in connection with the offer or sale of securities in a capital-raising transaction and do not directly or indirectly promote or maintain a market for the Corporation’s securities;|
|(w)||“SU Plan” mans the Share Unit Plan of the Corporation effective as of May 29, 2019;|
|(x)||“U.S. Securities Act” means the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended;|
|(y)||“U.S. Participant” means a Participant who is a citizen of the United States or a resident of the United States, in each case as defined in section 7701(a)(30)(A) and section 7701(b)(1) of the Code, and such other Participant to the extent their Options awarded under the Plan are subject to U.S. federal income tax under the Code; and|
|(z)||“VWAP” means the volume weighted average trading price of the Common Shares on the Exchange, calculated by dividing the total value by the total volume of Common Shares traded for the relevant period.|
The purpose of this Plan is to advance the interests of the Corporation by encouraging the directors, officers and employees of the Corporation and Service Providers retained by the Corporation to acquire Shares, thereby: (i) increasing the proprietary interests of such persons in the Corporation; (ii) aligning the interests of such persons with the interests of the Corporation’s shareholders generally; (iii) encouraging such persons to remain associated with the Corporation and (iv) furnishing such persons with an additional incentive in their efforts on behalf of the Corporation.
|(a)||This Plan shall be administered by the Board.|
|(b)||Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, the Board is authorized to provide for the granting, exercise and method of exercise of Options, all on such terms (which may vary between Options granted from time to time) as it shall determine. In addition, the Board shall have the authority to: (i) construe and interpret this Plan and all option agreements entered into hereunder; (ii) prescribe, amend and rescind rules and regulations relating to this Plan and (iii) make all other determinations necessary or advisable for the administration of this Plan. All determinations and interpretations made by the Board shall be binding on all Participants (as hereinafter defined) and on their legal, personal representatives and beneficiaries and permitted assignees hereunder.|
|(c)||The Board’s authority to make amendments to this Plan without shareholder approval shall be in accordance with Section 19 below.|
|(d)||Notwithstanding the foregoing or any other provision contained herein, the Board shall have the right to delegate the administration and operation of this Plan, in whole or in part, to a committee of the Board or to the Chief Executive Officer or any other officer of the Corporation. Whenever used herein, the term “Board” shall be deemed to include any committee or officer to which the Board has, fully or partially, delegated responsibility and/or authority relating to the Plan or the administration and operation of this Plan pursuant to this Section 3.|
|(e)||Options shall be evidenced by (i) an agreement, signed on behalf of the Corporation and by the person to whom an Option is granted, which agreement shall be in such form as the Board shall approve, or (ii) a written notice or other instrument, signed by the Corporation, setting forth the material attributes of the Options.|
|(f)||The Board shall not grant Options to residents of the United States unless such Options are registered under the U.S. Securities Act or are issued in compliance with an available exemption from the registration requirements of the U.S. Securities Act.|
|4.||Shares Subject to Plan|
|(a)||Subject to Section 16 below, the securities that may be acquired by Participants upon the exercise of Options shall be deemed to be fully authorized and issued Common Shares. Whenever used herein, the term “Common Shares” shall be deemed to include any other securities that may be acquired by a Participant upon the exercise of an Option the terms of which have been modified in accordance with Section 16 below.|
|(b)||The aggregate number of Common Shares reserved for issuance under this Plan and all of the other Compensation Plans of the Corporation, shall not, at the time of the stock option grant, exceed fifteen percent (15%) of the total number of issued and outstanding Common Shares (calculated on a non-diluted basis) unless the Corporation receives the permission of the stock exchange or exchanges on which the Shares are then listed to exceed such limit.|
|(c)||If any Option granted under this Plan shall expire or terminate for any reason without having been exercised in full, any un-purchased Common Shares to which such Option relates shall be available for the purposes of the granting of Options under this Plan.|
|5.||Maintenance Of Sufficient Capital|
The Corporation shall at all times during the term of this Plan ensure that the number of Common Shares it is authorized to issue shall be sufficient to satisfy the Corporation’s obligations under all outstanding Options granted pursuant to this Plan.
|6.||Eligibility And Participation|
|(a)||The Board may, in its discretion, select any of the following persons to participate in this Plan and to receive Options under this Plan:|
|(i)||directors of the Corporation and of any Affiliate of the Corporation;|
|(ii)||officers of the Corporation and of any Affiliate of the Corporation;|
|(iii)||employees of the Corporation and of any Affiliate of the Corporation; and|
(any such person having been selected for participation in this Plan by the Board is herein referred to as a “Participant”).
|(b)||The Board may from time to time, in its discretion, grant an Option to any Participant, upon such terms, conditions and limitations as the Board may determine, including the terms, conditions and limitations set forth herein, provided that Options granted to any Participant shall be approved by the shareholders of the Corporation if the rules of any stock exchange on which the Shares are listed require such approval.|
The Board shall, at the time an Option is granted under this Plan, fix the exercise price at which Common Shares may be acquired upon the exercise of such Option provided that such exercise price may not be lower than the greater of (i) the VWAP of the Common Shares on the Exchange over the period of five days immediately preceding the date of the grant, and (ii) the closing price of the Common Shares on the Exchange on the last trading day preceding the date of grant. In addition, the exercise price of an Option must be paid in cash. Disinterested shareholder approval shall be obtained by the Corporation prior to any reduction to the exercise price if the affected Participant is an Insider.
|8.||Number Of Optioned Shares|
The number of Common Shares that may be acquired under an Option granted to a Participant shall be determined by the Board as at the time the Option is granted, provided that the aggregate number of Shares reserved for issuance to any one Participant under this Plan or any other plan of the Corporation, shall not exceed five percent (5%) of the total number of issued and outstanding Common Shares (calculated on a non-diluted basis) in any 12-month period.
This Plan limits the number of Options which may be granted to Insiders to the Insider Participation Limit except in circumstances where the Corporation has obtained disinterested shareholder approval for grants of Options to Participants who are Insiders where any such grant or grants would result in the Insider Participation Limit being exceeded.
The Option Period shall be determined by the Board at the time that the Option is granted, subject to any vesting limitations which may be imposed by the Board in its sole and unfettered discretion at the time that such Option is granted and Sections 11, 12 and 17 below, provided that:
|(a)||no Option shall be exercisable for a period exceeding ten (10) years from the date that the Option is granted unless the Corporation receives the required approval of the stock exchange or exchanges on which the Common Shares are then listed and as specifically provided by the Board and as permitted under the rules of any stock exchange or exchanges on which the Shares are then listed;|
|(b)||no Option in respect of which shareholder approval is required under the rules of any stock exchange or exchanges on which the Common Shares are then listed shall be exercisable until such time as the Option has been approved by the shareholders of the Corporation;|
|(c)||the Board may, subject to the receipt of any necessary regulatory approvals, in its sole discretion, accelerate the time at which any Option may be exercised, in whole or in part; and|
|(d)||notwithstanding the expiration date applicable to any Option, if an Option would otherwise expire during a Black Out Period or during the period of ten business days immediately following the last day of a Black Out Period, the expiration date of such Option shall be the tenth business day following the expiration of the Black Out Period, provided that in no event shall the period during which said Option is exercisable be extended beyond 10 years from the date such Option is granted to the Participant.|
|10.||Method of Exercise of Option|
|(a)||Except as set forth in Sections 11 and 12 below or as otherwise determined by the Board, no Option may be exercised unless the holder of such Option is, at the time the Option is exercised, a director, officer, employee or Service Provider of the Corporation or an Eligible Assignee.|
|(b)||Options that are otherwise exercisable in accordance with the terms thereof may be exercised in whole or in part from time to time.|
|(c)||Any Participant (or his legal, personal representative) or Eligible Assignee wishing to exercise an Option shall deliver to the Corporation, at its principal office in the City of Toronto, Ontario:|
|(i)||a written notice expressing the intention of such Participant (or his legal, personal representative) or Eligible Assignee to exercise the Option and specifying the number of Common Shares in respect of which the Option is exercised; and|
|(ii)||a cash payment, certified cheque or bank draft, representing the full purchase price of the Common Shares in respect of which the Option is exercised.|
|(d)||Upon the exercise of an Option as aforesaid, the Corporation shall use reasonable efforts to forthwith deliver, or cause the registrar and transfer agent of the Common Shares to deliver, to the relevant Participant (or his legal, personal representative) or to the order thereof, a certificate representing the aggregate number of fully paid and non-assessable Common Shares in respect of which the Option has been duly exercised.|
|(e)||No Option holder who is resident in the United States may exercise Options unless the Common Shares to be issued upon exercise are registered under the U.S. Securities Act or are issued in compliance with an available exemption from the registration requirements of the U.S. Securities Act.|
|(f)||The Corporation shall be entitled to take all steps necessary to ensure that sufficient funds are provided to the Corporation by the Participant or Eligible Assignee to enable the Corporation to satisfy all withholding tax and other source deduction requirements in respect of the exercise of an Option by the Participant or Eligible Assignee that are imposed by any applicable law, including:|
|(i)||deducting and withholding any amount from any payments made to the Participant or Eligible Assignee, whether hereunder or otherwise;|
|(ii)||requiring from the Participant or Eligible Assignee a cash payment, certified cheque or bank draft in the amount specified by the Corporation; and|
|(iii)||requiring that the Participant or Eligible Assignee enter into a same-day sale in respect of some or all of the Common Shares received on the exercise of an Option, with a portion of the sale proceeds being remitted directly to the Corporation.|
|11.||Ceasing To Be a Director, Officer, Employee or Service Provider|
Unless the Board otherwise determines:
|(a)||if a Participant is dismissed for cause as a director, officer or employee of, or Service Provider to, the Corporation or one of its subsidiaries, all unexercised Option rights of that Participant or such Participant’s Eligible Assignee (where the Participant has assigned the Option to such Eligible Assignee) under this Plan shall immediately become terminated and shall lapse notwithstanding the original term of the Option granted to such Participant under this Plan; and|
|(b)||if any Participant shall cease to hold the position or positions of director, officer, employee or Service Provider of the Corporation (as the case may be) as a result of (i) retirement at the normal retirement age prescribed by the Corporation, if any; (ii) resignation; or (iii) termination other than for cause; such Participant or such Participant’s Eligible Assignee (where the Participant has assigned the Option to such Eligible Assignee) shall have the right for a period to be determined by the Board not exceeding 90 days, or such longer period determined by the Board at its discretion in respect of a specific Option on a date after such Option is granted notwithstanding an earlier determination by the Board, from the date of the Participant ceasing to be a director, officer, employee or Service Provider to exercise his Options under this Plan with respect to all Common Shares issuable thereunder to the extent that the Options were exercisable on the date of such Participant ceasing to hold any such position with the Corporation, or until the normal expiry date of the Option, whichever is earlier. Upon the expiration of such period, all unexercised Option rights of that Participant and any Eligible Assignee thereof under this Plan shall immediately become terminated and shall lapse notwithstanding the original term of the Option granted to such Participant under this Plan.|
For greater certainty, the termination of any Options held by the Participant or his Eligible Assignee, and the period during which the Participant or his Eligible Assignee may exercise any Options, shall be without regard to any notice period arising from the Participant’s ceasing to hold the position or positions of director, officer, employee or Service Provider of the Corporation (as the case may be).
Neither the selection of any person as a Participant nor the granting of an Option to any Participant under this Plan shall: (i) confer upon such Participant any right to continue as a director, officer, employee or Service Provider of the Corporation, as the case may be; or (ii) be construed as a guarantee that the Participant will continue as a director, officer, employee or Service Provider of the Corporation, as the case may be.
|12.||Death or Disability of a Participant|
In the event of the death of a Participant, any Option previously granted to him shall be exercisable until the end of the Option Period or until the expiration of 12 months after the date of death of such Participant, whichever is earlier, and then only:
|(a)||by the person or persons to whom the Participant’s rights under the Option shall pass by the Participant’s will or applicable law; and|
|(b)||to the extent that he was entitled to exercise the Option as at the date of his death.|
Notwithstanding Section 11, in the event of the Disability of a Participant, any Option previously granted to him shall be exercisable until the end of the Option Period or until the expiration of 12 months after the determination by the Board of the Disability, whichever is earlier.
|13.||Incentive Stock Options Awarded to U.S. Participants|
U.S. Participants may be awarded Incentive Stock Options or Nonqualified Stock Options, provided that an Incentive Stock Option may be granted only to employees of the Corporation or employees of a Subsidiary of the Corporation as defined in Code Section 424(f). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Plan, the following provisions in this Section 13 will apply to Incentive Stock Options.
|(a)||Each agreement or notice evidencing the grant of an Option as contemplated by Section 3(e) of the Plan shall specify whether the related Option is an Incentive Stock Option or a Nonqualified Stock Option. If no such specification is made, the Option will be a Nonqualified Stock Option.|
|(b)||Notwithstanding any other provision of this Plan to the contrary, the aggregate number of Common Shares available for Incentive Stock Options is 10,164,544 subject to adjustment pursuant to Section 16 of this Plan and subject to the provisions of Sections 422 and 424 of the Code. For clarity, the foregoing sentence in this sub-Section 13(b) shall not be interpreted to limit the number of Nonqualified Stock Options that the Corporation may grant (and the number of Common Shares that may be issuable thereunder), at the discretion of the Board, pursuant to this Plan.|
|(c)||The exercise price per Common Share payable upon exercise of an Incentive Stock Option will be not less than one hundred percent (100%) of the fair market value of a Common Share on the applicable grant date; provided, however, that the exercise price per common Share payable upon exercise of an Incentive Stock Option granted to a U.S. Participant who is a 10% Shareholder (within the meaning of Code Sections 422 and 424) on the applicable grant date will be not less than one hundred ten percent (110%) of the fair market value of a Common Share on the applicable grant date.|
|(d)||No Incentive Stock Option may be granted more than ten (10) years after the earlier of (i) the date on which this Plan is adopted by the Board or (ii) the date on which this Plan is approved by the shareholders of the Corporation.|
|(e)||An Incentive Stock Option will terminate and no longer be exercisable no later than ten (10) years after the applicable grant date; provided, however, that an Incentive Stock Option granted to a U.S. Participant who is a 10% Shareholder (within the meaning of Code Sections 422 and 424) on the applicable grant date will terminate and no longer be exercisable no later than five (5) years after the applicable grant date.|
|(f)||The aggregate fair market value of the Common Shares (determined as of the applicable grant date) with respect to which Incentive Stock Options are exercisable for the first time by any U.S. Participant during any calendar year (pursuant to this Plan and all other plans of the Corporation and of any parent or subsidiary of the Corporation, as defined under Code Section 424(e) and (f)) will not exceed one hundred thousand United States dollars (US$100,000) or any other limitation subsequently set forth in Section 422(d) of the Code. To the extent that an Option that is designated as an Incentive Stock Option becomes exercisable for the first time during any calendar year for Common Shares having a fair market value greater than US$100,000, the portion that exceeds such amount will be treated as a Nonqualified Stock Option.|
|(g)||An Incentive Stock Option granted to a U.S. Participant may be exercised during such U.S. Participant’s lifetime only by such U.S. Participant.|
|(h)||An Incentive Stock Option granted to a U.S. Participant may not be transferred, assigned, pledged, hypothecated or otherwise disposed of by such U.S. Participant, except by will or by the laws of descent and distribution.|
|(i)||In the event the Plan is not approved by the shareholders of the Corporation in accordance with the requirements of Section 422 of the Code within twelve (12) months of the date of adoption of the Plan, Options otherwise designated as Incentive Stock Options will be Nonqualified Stock Options.|
|(j)||The Corporation shall have no liability to a U.S. Participant or any other party if any Option (or any part thereof) intended to be an Incentive Stock Option is not an Incentive Stock Option.|
|(k)||An Incentive Stock Options shall be exercisable in accordance with its terms under the Plan and the applicable agreement or certificate awarding the Option and related exhibits and appendices thereto, if any. However, in order to retain its treatment as an Incentive Stock Option for United States federal income tax purposes, the Incentive Stock Option must be exercised within the following time periods (to the extent it otherwise is exercisable during such period pursuant to the terms of the Option):|
|(i)||For Incentive Stock Option treatment, if a U.S. Participant who has been granted an Incentive Stock Option ceases to be an Employee due to the disability of such U.S. Participant (within the meaning of Code Section 22(e)), such Incentive Stock Option must be exercised (to the extent such Incentive Stock Option was exercisable on the date of disability) by the date that is one year following the date of such disability (but in no event beyond the end of the Option Period of such Option).|
|(ii)||For Incentive Stock Option treatment, if a U.S. Participant who has been granted an Incentive Stock Option ceases to be an employee for any reason other than the death or disability(within the meaning of Code Section 22(e)) of such U.S. Participant, such Incentive Stock Option must be exercised (to the extent such Incentive Stock Option was exercisable on the date of termination) by such U.S. Participant within three months following the date of termination (but in no event beyond the end of the Option Period of such Option).|
|(iii)||For the purposes of this Section 13(k), the employment of a U.S. Participant who has been granted an Incentive Stock Option will not be considered interrupted or terminated upon (a) sick leave, military leave or any other leave of absence approved by the Corporation that does not exceed ninety (90) days in the aggregate; provided, however, that if reemployment upon the expiration of any such leave is guaranteed by contract or applicable law, such ninety (90) day limitation will not apply, or (b) a transfer from one office of the Corporation (or of any parent or subsidiary of the Corporation as defined in Code Sections 424(e) and (f)) to another office of the Corporation (or of any such parent or subsidiary) or a transfer between the Corporation and any such parent or subsidiary.|
|14.||Rights of Participants|
No person entitled to exercise any Option granted under this Plan shall have any of the rights or privileges of a shareholder of the Corporation in respect of any Common Shares issuable upon exercise of such Option until such Common Shares have been paid for in full and issued to such person.
|15.||Proceeds from Exercise of Options|
The proceeds from any issuance of Common Shares upon the exercise of Options shall be added to the general funds of the Corporation and shall thereafter be used from time to time for such corporate purposes as the Board may determine and direct.
|(a)||The number of Common Shares subject to the Plan shall be increased or decreased proportionately in the event of the subdivision or consolidation of the outstanding Common Shares of the Corporation, and in any such event a corresponding adjustment shall be made to the number of Common Shares deliverable upon the exercise of any Option granted prior to such event without any change in the total price applicable to the unexercised portion of the Option, but with a corresponding adjustment in the price for each Common Share that may be acquired upon the exercise of the Option. In case the Corporation is reorganized or merged or consolidated or amalgamated with another corporation, appropriate provisions shall be made for the continuance of the Options outstanding under this Plan and to prevent any dilution or enlargement of the same.|
|(b)||Adjustments under this Section 16 shall be made by the Board, whose determination as to what adjustments shall be made, and the extent thereof, shall be final, binding and conclusive. No fractional Common Shares shall be issued upon the exercise of an Option following the making of any such adjustment.|
|17.||Change of Control|
Notwithstanding any vesting restrictions otherwise applicable to the relevant Options, in the event of a sale by the Corporation of all or substantially all of its assets or in the event of a change of control of the Corporation, each Participant or his Eligible Assignee shall be entitled to exercise, in whole or in part, the Options granted to such Participant hereunder, either during the term of the Option or within 90 days after the date of the sale or change of control, whichever first occurs.
For the purpose of this Plan, “change of control of the Corporation” means and shall be deemed to have occurred upon:
|(a)||the acceptance by the holders of Common Shares of the Corporation, representing in the aggregate, more than 50 percent (50%) of all issued Common Shares of the Corporation, of any offer, whether by way of a takeover bid or otherwise, for all or any of the outstanding Common Shares of the Corporation; or|
|(b)||the acquisition, by whatever means, by a person (or two or more persons who, in such acquisition, have acted jointly or in concert or intend to exercise jointly or in concert any voting rights attaching to the Common Shares acquired), directly or indirectly, of beneficial ownership of such number of Common Shares or rights to Common Shares of the Corporation, which together with such person’s then owned Common Shares and rights to Common Shares, if any, represent (assuming the full exercise of such rights to voting securities) more than fifty percent (50%) of the combined voting rights of the Corporation’s then outstanding Common Shares; or|
|(c)||the entering into of any agreement by the Corporation to merge, consolidate, amalgamate, initiate an arrangement or be absorbed by or into another corporation; or|
|(d)||the passing of a resolution by the Board or shareholders of the Corporation to substantially liquidate the assets or wind-up the Corporation’s business or significantly rearrange its affairs in one or more transactions or series of transactions or the commencement of proceedings for such a liquidation, winding-up or re-arrangement (except where such re-arrangement is part of a bona fide reorganization of the Corporation in circumstances where the business of the Corporation is continued and where the shareholdings remain substantially the same following the re-arrangement); or|
|(e)||individuals who were members of the Board immediately prior to a meeting of the shareholders of the Corporation involving a contest for or an item of business relating to the election of directors, not constituting a majority of the Board following such election.|
|(a)||Subject to sub-Section 18(b), all Options and all benefits, interests and rights accruing to any Participant (or such Participant’s Eligible Assignee) in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Plan may only be exercised by the Participant (or such Participant’s Eligible Assignee) during the lifetime of a Participant and shall be non-transferrable and non-assignable and may not be made subject to execution, attachment or similar process, save and except with the prior written permission of the Board, or in the event of the death of a Participant, by the person or persons to whom the Participant’s rights under the Option pass by the Participant’s will or applicable laws of descent and distribution.|
|(b)||Notwithstanding sub-Section 18(a) but subject to obtaining any necessary approvals in advance from the Corporation and from each Exchange on which the Common Shares are listed and which reserves the right to approve such assignments, a Participant may assign Options granted to him under the Plan to Eligible Assignees and Eligible Assignees may, in turn, assign such Options to the original Participant or to other Eligible Assignees of the original Participant. Notwithstanding any such assignment, (i) all Options granted under the Plan shall be deemed to be the Option of the original Participant for the purposes of applying the rules and policies of the Exchange on which the Common Shares are listed and (ii) the Corporation shall continue to treat the original Participant as the holder of the assigned Options unless and until such time as the Corporation is provided with notice in writing from the original Participant or its legal representative and the Eligible Assignee, together with such other documentation as the Corporation may require, confirming that the assignee is an Eligible Assignee.|
|19.||Amendment and Termination of Plan|
The Board may also, at any time, amend or revise the terms of this Plan, subject to the receipt of all necessary shareholder, Exchange and regulatory approvals, and any such amendment or revision shall apply to any Options theretofore granted under this Plan.
The Board has the discretion to make amendments to this Plan which it may deem necessary, without having to obtain shareholder approval including, without limitation:
|(a)||minor changes of a “housekeeping nature”;|
|(b)||amending Options under this Plan, including with respect to the Option Period (provided that the period during which an Option is exercisable does not exceed 10 years from the date the Option is granted and that such Option is not held by an Insider), vesting period, exercise method and frequency, subscription price (provided that such Option is not held by an Insider) and method of determining the subscription price, assignability and effect of termination of a Participant’s employment or cessation of the Participant’s directorship;|
|(c)||changing the class of Participants eligible to participate under this Plan;|
|(d)||accelerating the vesting of any Option;|
|(e)||extending the expiration date of any Option provided that the period during which an option is exercisable does not exceed 10 years from the date the Option is granted and provided that such Option is not held by an Insider, and where such Option is held by an Insider in such case, shareholder approval shall be obtained in connection with the extension;|
|(f)||changing the terms and conditions of any financial assistance which may be provided by the Corporation to Participants to facilitate the purchase of Common Shares under this Plan; and|
|(g)||adding a cashless exercise feature, payable in cash or securities, which provides for a full deduction of the number of underlying Common Shares from this Plan reserve.|
Shareholder approval will be required in the case of: (i) any amendment to the amendment provisions of this Plan; (ii) any increase in the maximum number of Common Shares issuable under this Plan; (iii) any reduction in the exercise price or extension of the Option Period benefiting an insider of the Corporation; and (iv) any amendment to remove or exceed the Insider Participation Limit, in addition to such other matters that may require shareholder approval under the rules and policies of the Exchange.
The obligation of the Corporation to issue and deliver Common Shares in accordance with this Plan and Options granted hereunder is subject to applicable securities legislation and to the receipt of any approvals that may be required from any regulatory authority or stock exchange having jurisdiction over the securities of the Corporation. If Common Shares cannot be issued to a Participant upon the exercise of an Option for any reason whatsoever, the obligation of the Corporation to issue such Common Shares shall terminate and any funds paid to the Corporation in connection with the exercise of such Option will be returned to the relevant Participant (or his Eligible Assignee) as soon as practicable.
|21.||Stock Exchange Rules|
This Plan and any option agreements entered into hereunder shall comply with the requirements from time to time of the Exchange.
No amount will be paid to, or in respect of, a Participant (or any Eligible Assignee) under the Plan to compensate for a downward fluctuation in the price of Common Shares, nor will any other form of benefit be conferred upon, or in respect of, a Participant (or any Eligible Assignee) for such purpose.The Corporation makes no representations or warranties to Participants (or any Eligible Assignee) with respect to the Plan or the Options whatsoever. Participants (and any Eligible Assignees) are expressly advised that the value of any Options in the Plan will fluctuate as the trading price of Common Shares fluctuates.
In seeking the benefits of participation in the Plan, a Participant (and each Eligible Assignee) agrees to exclusively accept all risks associated with a decline in the market price of Common Shares whether before or after the exercise of Options and all other risks associated with participation in the Plan.
|23.||Right To Issue Other Shares|
The Corporation shall not by virtue of this Plan be in any way restricted from declaring and paying stock dividends, issuing further Common Shares, varying or amending its share capital or corporate structure or conducting its business in any way whatsoever.
Any notice required to be given by this Plan shall be in writing and shall be given by registered mail, postage prepaid or delivered by courier or by facsimile transmission addressed, if to the Corporation, at its principal address in Toronto, Ontario (Attention: Chief Financial Officer); or if to a Participant (or to an Eligible Assignee), to such Participant at his address as it appears on the books of the Corporation or in the event of the address of any such Participant not so appearing then to the last known address of such Participant; or if to any other person, to the last known address of such person.
Whenever used herein words importing the masculine gender shall include the feminine and neuter genders and vice versa.
This Plan will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Province of Ontario.
This Plan is subject to the approval of the stock exchange or exchanges on which the Common Shares are listed and, if applicable, of the shareholders of the Corporation.
|27.||Effective Date of Plan|
This amended and restated Plan became effective upon approval by shareholders of the Corporation on June 9, 2021, with prior approval by the Board on May 9, 2021.